Solving the Unsolved

‘No force on earth can stop an idea whose time has come‘, said Victor Hugo, a famous French poet.

To become a strong and super power nation, along with economic development and military strength, one thing that is prerequisite is the the internal unity and internal Security of any nation. If there is turmoil in society, can that society make economic progress? Will any investor invest in such a country?Had USA not solved the issue of slavery(which even led to civil war) and rift between its Southern and northern states, could it become world superpower?

India also affected by many internal issues, and we can say either due to the attitude of   ” Latkana, Bhatkana and Atkana”(delaying, misguiding and obstructing) by many governments or due to lack of political will, some issue were pending and were stopping India from moving forward.

But Narendra Modi government has strong mandate of the people of India and also the political will of Solving the Unsolved.

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(1) Kashmir and Article 370

Kashmir has always been on priority for all the prime ministers. Special status given to J&K under Article 370 was a temporary provision. But some misunderstood this being special as being separate and this feeling of separatism was fueled  by Pakistan for spreading Terrorism.

All the previous Prime ministers had tried their best to solve the issue of Kashmir. But there was popular demand with in the country to scrap this Article 370 for complete integration of J&K into India. Narendra Modi government on 5th Aug 2019, showed that political will and scraped Article 370, and bifurcated J&K state into two Union Territories.

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Now whether this step can bring peace and normalcy in Kashmir, is to be seen in future but it is definitely a big step towards it.

 

(2) The Ayodhya Issue

The Babri masjid- Ram Janambhoomi dispute was probably the longest in the history of Independent India. It was used as a weapon by political parties to instigate communal hatred in the society. Although the much credit for solving this ,must be given to Honorable supreme court, but the governments both the central and states must be praised for maintaining law and order. Not even single incidence violence reported and such a big issue resolved peacefully.

 

(3) Criminalizing Instant Triple Talaq

In August 2017, the Indian Supreme Court deemed instant triple talaq (talaq-e-biddat) unconstitutional. But even then cases of triple talaq were not stopping. That’s why in July 2019, India’s parliament approved a bill that makes the practice of “instant divorce” a criminal offence.

By passing this act, Modi government corrected the wrong done by Rajiv Gandhi government in Shah Bano case, 1986.

 

(4) Repatriation of Brus

Bru also known as  Reang, mainly belong to the Vaishnav school of Hinduism, are ethnic group from  Mizoram. Being an ethnic and religious minority, the Brus have been looked on as ‘outsiders’ in the state of Mizoram, where the largely Christian Mizos dominate. In the 1997 flare-up of large-scale violence against them, thousands of Bru homes were burnt, and a number of them were also killed and raped. This forced tens of thousands of them to flee to safety in neighbouring Tripura.

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Around 34,000 people were forced to live in sub-human conditions in tents in Tripura. No solution could be reached all these years. Due to the initiative by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, negotiations were started afresh.

Recently, some Brus have been settled again in Mizorum, and remaining who were feeling fear in going Mizoram, have been settled permanently in Tripura. Along with voting rights, community members would also get a one-time assistance of ₹4 lakh as fixed deposit. “A 40/30 feet plot of land, an aid of ₹5,000/month for the next two years, free ration and ₹1.5 lakh to build houses will be given to them.

With this, Modi government solved 22 year old issue and provided dignified life to the members of Bru community.

(5) Resolving the ‘Bodo’ issue

Union home ministry signed a tripartite agreement with the banned National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB) and Assam government, for bringing the state’s Bodo community closer to the mainstream.

 

Bodoland

Bodos are tribal people, it is most dominant plain tribe in Assam.  As insurgency peaked in the northeast, a group of Bodos formed the armed militia called the Bodo Security Force (BSF), later rechristened as National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB). The group’s sole aim was to establish a sovereign state for Bodos.

Now with more administrative powers the Bodoland Territorial Area Districts(BTAD) will now be renamed to Bodoland Territorial Region (BTR). 26_20120831

Bodo people left demand for Separate state. With Bodo accord, India solved one more insurgency. One more old problem, at-least 60 years old problem, because Bodos demanding autonomy since mid 1960s and the movement got violent only in last 25 years. Now normalcy can be established and insurgency will be stopped.

(6) Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019

Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) 2019, is a law to provide Indian citizenship to minorities of Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan who have faced religious persecution in these theocratic states.

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India was divided on religious line. Pakistan failed to implement Liaquat–Nehru Pact of 1950, which says both country will respect and protect Minority’s rights in their country. Hindus which were around 23% in Pakistan in 1947, today they are less than 1.5%.

CAA will give them dignified life who has came to India to protect their life and currently living in in-humane conditions due to lake of citizenship. This issue should have solved decades ago ,but it was pending due to vote bank politics and lake of political will. This government had that courage to implement CAA.

 

Apart from these, appointment of India’s first Chief of Defence staff(CDS), One rank One pension(OROP) for Army veterans , Naga Peace accord, implementation of Goods & Services tax(GST), construction of National war memorial & National Police Memorial etc., are some other unsolved matters from decades which were solved in past 6 years.

 

Remaining Challenges

Although, Modi government has solved many issues but still some are in queue.

One of the Most challenging and important task is repatriation of more than 5 lac kashmiri Pandit back to their home in kashmir valley from where they were forced to leave on 19 Jan 1990 due to their genocide by radical Islamic forces.

Other challenge is to bridge the Hindu-Muslim and North-South divide. Before Independence, Britisher’s policy of Divide and Rule, in Gangetic plains, was based on breaking  Hindu-Muslim Unity, but below the Vindhyas they adopted different strategy. In southern India, beginning was made by sponsoring anti-Brahmin movement, which was followed by an attempt to divide North and south India on the lines of Aryans and Dravidian. These gaps still persist and political parties, for vote bank politics, have widened the gap. These gaps needs to be bridged.

5 Trillion USD economy, Uniform civil code, Population control act, Implementation of Nation wide NRC, modernizing the armed forces  etc., are among other unsolved tasks which is to be solved.

Currently, Indian economy is going through bad situation where GDP growth rate is declining, consumption is decreasing and unemployment is on the rise. Root of any problem begins with economic hardship which is exploited by the people having some vested interest and create turmoil in society.

That’s why to make India great again, government needs to work serious and solving the remaining unsolved issues in all the spheres of Social, economical and military developments.

JAI HIND. . .

70 years of Indian Republic: Achievements and Aspirations

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Indian republic is going to become 70 years old this year on 26 January 2020. “Republic” means a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and not by any monarch. Famous lines of Abraham Lincoln  –  “government of the people, by the people, for the people”, is aim of a republic state.

History of Republicanism in India

Many people believe republicanism is a gift of west to the world. Although it is true that modern day republicanism traces its roots in american and french revolutions but  it can not be said the birth of republicanism on earth.

The Mahabharata, The Buddhist and Jain texts, the accounts of Greek and Roman historians regarding Alexander the Great’s invasion of India, Panini’s Ashtadhyayi, Kautilya’s(Chanakya) Arthashastra, etc give us proof of republics(ganas) in ancient India. Even before the birth of Jesus christ, in 6th century B.C we find a large number of states in northern and north-western India and many of these were not ruled by kings but formed republics or oligarchies

The Lichchavis of Vaisali(Bihar), is believed to be world’s first republic. The Sakyas of Kapilavastu in the Terai region of the Himalayas. Mahatma Buddha belonged to the family of the Sakyas, are famous one.

The republican states, which fought against Alexander, were the Mallas, the Kshudrakas, the Mushikas, etc. Most of them gave serious resistance to the invader and their role in defending their country remained more creditable than their contemporary monarchical states like Taxila under king Ambhi and Magadh under king Dhananand.

After return of the Alexander, need was felt of an integrated and politically united India to safeguard from foreign invasion. So Mauryans under the guidance of chankya adopted a policy to annex these republican states and brought political unity to India. Thus later on extensive and strong empire pursued by the Guptas, Mughals etc. strengthened the monarchical system in India and extinction of the republican state was natural.

Arrival of the British Raj

British took control over India after the Battle of Plassey and Battle of Buxar in 18th century. Then Britisher introduced some reforms into administration, governance and polity of India, some of the reforms were introduced for better control over India and some under the force of Nationalist movement for India’s Independence. So Indian constitution was not a sudden document, but it has seen many evolution, like Government of India(GOI) act 1909, then GOI act 1919, then came GOI act 1935 which became base for Indian Constitution.

The Constituent Assembly took almost three years (two years, eleven months and seventeen days) to complete its historic task of drafting the Constitution for Independent India. Then constitution was finally adopted on 26th Nov 1949 by constituent assembly and it came into force from 26th Jan 1950.

Achievements

“Constitution is not a mere lawyers’ document, it is a vehicle of life, and its spirit is always the spirit of ages”,  Said Dr BR Ambedkar.

Achievements can be measured in the form that how it has benefited to a man on individual basis and also to a nation as a whole.

(A) keeping India united geographically and culturally:- After independence, India witnessed some circumstances which challenged its integrity and sovereignty like, agitation for making a separate Andhra state for Telugu speaking people, agitations in early 1960s against making Hindi National and official language by non-Hindi speaking states, they thought that Hindi is being imposed over them and Hindi speaking states will have major role in India’s administration than Non-Hindi states.

But India overcame these challenges wisely. States Reorganization Commission (SRC) also known as Faiz Ali commission(1953), accepted language as basis of reorganization of states but rejected idea of One State One language. After its recommendation 14 states and 3 union territories were formed in 1956. And further some more states and UTs were formed to fulfill regional aspirations (eg Jharkhand, Chattisgarh, Telangana) and for administrative  convenience.

So Indian republic respected different cultures and aspiration of the people and gave them constitutional protection, for example Article 371 of constitution gave special status and rights to North eastern states to preserve their unique identity. Similarly, schedule 8 of Indian constitution recognizes 22 Indian languages and The Government of India is now under an obligation to take measures for the development of these languages .

(B) Universal adult franchise :-  In the course of democratic evolution across the world, the right to vote was often withheld by political elites, who saw it as a weapon that could be used to bring about large-scale social reconstruction. Universal adult suffrage in the United States (for example) was gained incrementally, and after long (and often violent) political struggle. The story was the same in other Western democracies.

India, however, chose a very different path. With the adoption of Constitution, India got universal adult franchise in one swoop. In a country that suffered from high levels of poverty and illiteracy, and along with caste, class and gender hierarchies, this was a truly radical move.

(C) Absence of Military Dictatorship:- It’s an achievement that is not sufficiently recognized; an achievement underscored by the fact that all our South Asian neighbours—Pakistan, Bangladesh, Burma and Sri Lanka—have experienced military coups, actual or attempted and also that Military dictatorships have been a common phenomenon in the post-colonial states of Asia and Africa, in the 1950s and 1960s.

Under British rule The commander-in-chief, was also the de facto defence minister, and was the second most powerful person in the hierarchy after the viceroy himself. But after Independence things began to change. Prime minister Nehru believed that the new India needed to rethink the role of the army, and initiated a policy that would firmly subordinate it to the civilian authority. And that might be considered to be one of the major achievements of the Nehruvian era.

(D) Supremacy of Rule of Law:-  The Constitution of India intended for India to be a country governed by the rule of law. It provides that the constitution shall be the supreme power in the land and the legislative and the executive derive their authority from the constitution.

(E) Grass root democracy:-  The year 1992 was landmark year for India’s grass root democracy. Guided by Article 40 of Indian constitution, Indian parliament passed 73rd and 74th Constitutional amendments. Through these amendments local self-governance was introduced in rural and urban India. … The Local bodies–’Panchayats‘ and ‘Municipalities‘ got constitutional status after 4 decades of India becoming a republic. It turned representative democracy into participatory democracy.

(F) Representation to weaker sections of the society:-  Members of SCs/STs communities have faced exploitation from the ages. Reservation policies provided entry for disadvantaged social classes in representative institutions, employment and education which made a big difference in the lives of the people

(G) Flourishing Democracy:-  When India became democratic republic after independence, several political pundits were skeptical of the possibility of democracy in India. They predicted that Indian democracy would collapse under the weight of its own contradictions. Democracy and poverty were thought to be incompatible. They believed that democracy was possible only in developed nations with high rates of industrialization, and good per capita income. But India lacked all these pre-conditions. Apart from a small period of Emergency(1975-77)  declared by Mrs Indira Gandhi, India has proved those political pundits wrong. In recent 2019 Lok sabha elections, there were over 800 millions registered voters, almost equal to the population of whole Europe. Today world see with surprise that how Election commission of India manages this largest festival of democracy on planet.

Aspirations

Preamble of constitution shows the Aspirations of Indian republic.

It says ” WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens, JUSTICE, social, economic and political;LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation.

We take pride in calling India world’s largest democracy, Does India’s democracy really matches with preamble?

Answer is NO, there are some challenges to our democracy which bars it fulfill our Aspirations.

(A) Personality Cult:-  Indian politics have been always affected by the personality cult of single charismatic political leader. After independence it was pandit Nehru, then Mrs Indira Gandhi, Atal Bihari Vajpayee and presently it is Mr Narendra Modi.

Personality cult leads to personalization of political power in both parties and government. It promotes “YES BOSS” culture. It defeats the idea of LIBERTY of thoughts, mentioned in preamble. It also diverts public’s mind from real issues because public votes only by seeing top leader’s face.

Our Aspiration for coming decades should be to come out of this personality cult in Indian democracy.

(B) Political and administrative corruption:- Increasing criminalization of politics have been a serious issue.  As per ADR nearly 43% of newly-elected Lok Sabha(2019) MPs have a criminal records. Charges on MPs are ranging from corruption to murder, rapes etc.

Similarly, administrative corruption is reason for failure of efficient delivery of public services to the common man. Thus defeats the principle of ANTYODAYA (Development of a man, standing last in a queue), put forward by Deen dayal upadhyay.

Thus political and administrative corruption defeats the idea of JUSTICE– social, economic, political, mentioned in preamble. Thus, we as a nation Aspire to make our country free from political and administrative corruption.

(C) Dynastic succession:-  It defeats the idea of EQUALITY of status and of opportunity, mentioned in preamble. India is highly affected by the problem of Dynastic succession, whether it is politics, Bollywood, sports, business or any other field.

Dynastic succession kills real talent. That’s why we as a nation Aspire to see our country free from Dynastic succession.

(D) Sub-nationalism and Son of the soil sentiments:-  Along with the rhetoric of nationalism, India is also witnessing the re-emergence of subnationalism as a political idea. Recent examples are opposing Hindi in Bangalore Metro, different flag for karnataka, attack on people from Uttar Pradesh and Bihar in Maharashtra and Gujrat, rift between Assamese and Bengali people etc.

Politicians for their vote bank politics instigate the feeling of Sub-nationalism and son of the soil. It goes against idea of FRATERNITY  among the people and Unity & Integrity of India. We as a nation want to get free from all these things.

(E) Rising inequalities and Mass poverty:-  “Poverty is the cruelest form of violence” said Mahatma Gandhi.

Inequality and poverty defeats the ideas of JUSTICE and EQUALITY mentioned in our preamble. Although, as per multi dimensional poverty index, In 10 years(2006-16), India has nearly halved its number of multidimensional poors. But still India is home for 271 Million multidimensional poors.

Similarly, Income inequality in India getting worse; India’s top 1% bag 73% of the country’s wealth, as per Oxfam. It also defeats the idea of SOCIALISM. Thus being a socialistic democratic nation, it our duty and aspiration to minimize the gap between the haves and have nots and ensure the even distribution of resources.

 

We people are highly conscious about our fundamental rights, but we hardly think about our fundamental duties. For Instance, recent protests over citizenship amendment act(CAA) or protest for reservations in Haryana and Gujrat, we saw a lot of violence, damaging national property. Here people exercising their fundamental right of protest but forget their fundamental duty to protect the national Property. So before demanding fundamental rights we should fulfill our fundamental duties also

That’s why Dr Ambedkar said, “However good a Constitution may be, if those who are implementing it are not good, it will prove to be bad.” So it is not only responsibility of government, political parties and supreme court to uphold the Constitution but also it is upon ‘ we the people of India’ (The very first sentence of preamble of our constitution), Jai Hind…